French Institute

   Originally Ecole francaise and from 1898 Institut francais d’archeologie orientale. It was founded in 1880 by the French government as a research center in Cairo to undertake the study of ancient and Islamic Egypt and carry out archaeological excavations. It has had its headquarters at the Munira Palace since 1907. Several directors later became the heads of the Egyptian Antiquities Service. At first it organized epigraphic work, copying texts notably in Graeco-Roman Period temples at Edfu and later Dendera and Esna. Beginning in 1898, archaeological excavations have been undertaken at various sites in Egypt, particularly Deir elMedina, Karnak, Medamud, and more recently at the Dakhla Oasis and Kharga Oasis. The findings of its projects have been published by its own press.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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